Muscat: His Majesty Sultan Haitham Bin Tarik’s issuance of Royal Decrees No. 6/2021 and 7/2021 respond to the needs of the Sultanate over the coming stage and conform with the strategic Vision Oman 2040.
Royal Decree No. 6/2021, which promulgates a new Basic Law of the State, focuses on the following points:
Setting a specific and stable mechanism for the transfer of power in the Sultanate.
Sets a mechanism for the appointment of a Crown Prince and outlines his duties, specialisations and prerogatives.
Reaffirms the principle of ‘rule of the law’, the Independence of the Judiciary and Justice as basic pillars of rule in the country.
Underscores the State’s role in sponsoring citizens’ rights and liberties, notably:
Protection of the heritage and considering its breach or trading in it a crime punishable by law.
The Basic Law also dedicated a full chapter to the Governance of State Institutions, the follow-up of government performance and the monitoring of the same through a committee that reports directly to His Majesty the Sultan. The committee shall be tasked with following up and assessing the performance of ministers, under-secretaries and officials of similar ranking. The role of the State’s Financial and Administrative Audit Institution shall be enhanced in this respect.
The Basic Law reiterates the importance of establishing a system for local administration. It also underscores the role of the Council of Oman and its contribution to the country’s comprehensive development. Accordingly, the Basic Law of the State dedicated a special chapter to the Council of Oman that included the most important provisions related to this Council and the specialisations entrusted to it, including:
As for the Council of Oman law, Royal Decree No. 7/2021 has defined its prerogatives, conditions for its membership and all rights and duties of its members and other affairs of the Council.