Tokyo: US Defence Secretary Jim Mattis said on Saturday he was not considering hiking the number of US forces in the Middle East to address Iran's "misbehaviour" at this time, but warned that the world would not ignore Iranian activities.
President Donald Trump has vowed a more aggressive policy against Tehran and his administration is warning of concrete action if Iran does not curb its ballistic missile programme and continues support in regional proxy conflicts.
The United States announced new sanctions on Friday, just two days after the Trump administration put Iran "on notice" following a ballistic missile test.
Mattis said putting Iran on notice was worthwhile, given its behaviour.
"As far as Iran goes, this is the single biggest state sponsor of terrorism in the world and I think it is wise to make certain that Iran recognises that what it is doing is getting the attention of a lot of people," Mattis told a news conference in Tokyo in his most detailed remarks on Iran since taking over the Pentagon.
Still, he firmly played down the idea of any military buildup.
"I don't see any need to increase the number of forces we have in the Middle East at this time. That's not in the cards right now," he said. "We always have the capability to do so. But right now I don't think it's necessary."
The United States has already sent a Navy destroyer to patrol off the coast of Yemen to protect waterways from Houthi militia.
But there are other actions Washington could take, including giving greater priority to rotating aircraft carriers through the Gulf. There is currently no US aircraft carrier in the Gulf, for example.
The US Navy believes having a robust presence helps deter any moves by Iran to block that strategic waterway.
In 2008 and 2010, in moves that prompted critics to accuse Iran of destabilising the region, Iran threatened to disrupt oil shipping in the Gulf by shutting a waterway if there were any attack on its nuclear sites.
Mattis said ignoring Iranian behaviour - something former President Barack Obama's critics routinely accused him of doing - wouldn't work.
"It does no good to ignore it, it does no good to dismiss it," Mattis said, without citing Obama or his policies.
The White House has said that while the latest sanctions were a reaction to recent events, they had been under consideration before. It added that a landmark 2015 deal to curb Iran's nuclear programme was not in the best interest of the United States.
Iran denounced the sanctions as illegal and said it would impose legal restrictions on American individuals and entities helping "regional terrorist groups", state TV quoted a Foreign Ministry statement as saying.
Those affected under the sanctions cannot access the US financial system or deal with US companies and are subject to secondary sanctions, meaning foreign companies and individuals are prohibited from dealing with them or risk being blacklisted by the United States.