Palu(Indonesia): A team of French rescue experts began hunting through a huge expanse of debris on the outskirts of the Indonesian city of Palu on Saturday, looking for hands, feet or any body parts of earthquake victims sticking out of the mud.
Indonesian President Joko Widodo has said all of the victims of the 7.5 magnitude earthquake and tsunami that struck the west coast of Sulawesi island on September 28, killing more than 1,600 people, must be found.
Hundreds of people are believed to be entombed in slowly drying mud that enveloped communities in the south of the small city of Palu when the quake triggered soil liquefaction, a phenomenon that turns the ground into a roiling quagmire.
Arnaud Allibert and four other members of the group Pompiers Humanitaires Francais were the first rescuers into one grim expanse of jumbled debris, which is all that remains of the village of Petobo. The team's task is to find and retrieve the bodies at the surface to clear the way for the heavy machinery to come in and dig deeper. It's going to be a long, hard job.
"We're going to clear off all the superficial rubble that's on top and get into the spaces and see if there are bodies," Allibert told Reuters as he surveyed a dreadful jumble of debris. "If there are bodies in the spaces, we'll extract them. If we see body parts sticking out, we're going to dig to get the body out ... It's a long-term job, but after that, they'll come with the heavy machinery," he said.
The official death toll from the quake and the tsunami it triggered stands at 1,649, but it will certainly rise. Most of the dead have been found in Palu. Figures for more remote areas, some only just re-connected to the outside world by road, are only trickling in. No one knows how many people were dragged to their deaths when the ground under Petobo and nearby areas south of Palu dissolved so violently. Homes were sucked into the earth, torn apart and thrust hundreds of metres by the churning mud.
The national disaster agency says 1,700 homes in one neighbourhood alone were swallowed up and hundreds of people disappeared. Allibert said it would take months to find all the bodies.
"It might take 4 to 5 months to remove all the soil, and that's with the excavators," he said. "The excavators can't take huge amounts of soil because there are bodies underneath, you have to scrape the earth carefully." Traumatised survivors are desperate for any help.
"There are so many corpses around here," said Irwan, 37, who like many Indonesians goes by one name. "I'm from here so all my family are here, so many are gone," he said, reeling off a list of the missing including a sister, an aunt and cousins.
"Where are they? What if they are still alive? We need help to find them," he said. In the Balaroa neighbourhood, also laid waste by liquefaction, the most intact structure was a battered two-storey house, pitched over at nearly 45 degrees with one side buried and a blue vehicle in the car port. Rescuers found about 25 bodies, laying them out in a row of blue and orange bags. One man, Nizar, said he had identified six relatives among them. Indonesia has traditionally been reluctant to be seen as having to rely on outside help for natural disasters. The government shunned foreign aid this year when earthquakes struck the island of Lombok but said it would accept help from abroad for Sulawesi.
Despite that, Allibert said it had been difficult to get permits for Sulawesi. "I fully get it, they don't want anyone to come in," he said. Michael Lesmeister, director of Germany's ISAR-Germany (International Search and Rescue) group, said landing permits for his staff and cargo had come through and, after a three-day wait, they were set to install a water-purification system in Palu.
Deputy Foreign Minister Abdurrahman Mohammad Fachir told a briefing in Jakarta 25 countries and four foreign organisations had offered help and ministries were coordinating to facilitate the arrival of their aid.
The most important items were aircraft, generators, tents, water treatment and field medical facilities, he said.