Bashiqa (Iraq): Abbas Ali wept as his wife slowly pushed him in his wheelchair out of their village in northern Iraq, a risky escape along a route where IS snipers three days earlier had shot dead a couple seeking freedom from their rule.
Flanked by their four children, they looked behind them to see if any militants were still around to carry out their threats of shooting anyone who tried to flee.
Kurdish peshmerga fighters stood on a berm, watching closely for any signs of suicide bombers, who sometimes pose as civilians. Two men behind them lifted their shirts to show they were not strapped with explosives.
"A nearby village held by Daesh (IS) was attacked. We heard the five remaining Daesh (IS) members in our village went to help their comrades there," said Ali as he was pushed along to a base held by Kurds that is often attacked at night by militants.
People who live in the IS-occupied villages have been encouraged by advances of Iraqi forces.
Still, they face a difficult decision -- do they risk death to take advantage of Iraqi forces momentum, or do they stay put?
The group has spread fear in towns and villages they control with a clear warning. Anyone who tries to escape will be shot dead. Another villager who escaped said someone who was caught was whipped 95 times.
"They get word around," Ali said. "But we could not take it anymore. Life was so difficult."
The peshmerga will take the refugees to tented camps that have been set up by Iraqi authorities to deal with an expected flood of people fleeing from IS's harsh rule.
As Ali began to weep again, his wife Bushra, covered from head to toe in black as required by IS, poured water on his head, the only comfort in a dusty desert area not far from another hamlet where 120 militants are in control.
"They barred us from everything you can imagine. You can't do this. You can't do that," Bushra said, wiping the dirt off her children's faces with bottled water.
"May Almighty show Daesh (IS) no mercy."
Crouching down on a wall near her were relatives, young men with beards of the length required by IS. Militants micro-managed every aspect of life with brutality, from facial hair to schools.
They sat patiently while peshmerga officer Qamar Rashid inspected their identification cards.
"We have to make sure they are not Daesh (IS)," he said.
Among those being questioned was Omar, who happened to be visiting relatives in Ali's village, Abou Jarbouh, the day IS seized it.
A resident of the Kurdish regional capital of Erbil, he lost contact with relatives and friends and still has no idea what happened to his carpentry business.
"Using a cell phone could be instant death," said Omar, holding a notebook with financial records of his Erbil shop.
People who were able to run a business under IS rule could only do so by paying them a cut, according to villager Kassim Hassan. He was an unemployed labourer who depended on his wife's small sewing business to survive.
"We had to pay Daesh (IS) every month. We had no choice," he said.