Lemurs are small primates known as “prosimians”. They have evolved in isolation on the island of Madagascar, off the southeast coast of Africa. Most lemurs are arboreal and live in trees.
Common brown lemur | Size: 19 inches, 5 pounds
This medium-sized social lemur can be found in dry deciduous forests of northwest Madagascar. It is capable of leaping large distances. It uses its long tail to help balance when climbing and jumping. The common brown lemur eats fruit, leaves, and flowers.
Grey mouse lemur | Size: 5 inches, 2 ounces
One of the world’s smallest primates, this nocturnal forager lives in dry forests, and deserts. It sleeps in groups, but hunts alone, eating insects, lizards, frogs, fruit, and leaves.
Sanford’s lemur | Size: 15 inches, 4 pounds
This rare lemur lives in the north and forms small groups of four to 15. They eat fruit, buds, young and mature leaves, flowers, centipedes, and spiders. The males have a reddish coloured ruff.
Sifaka lemur | Size: 19 inches, 8 pounds
The sifaka is the most endangered of all lemurs. This social creature forms groups of three to 10. It is most active during the day and feeds primarily on seeds and fruits found in dry deciduous forests.
Eastern lesser bamboo lemur | Size: 11 inches, 1.5 – 2.2 pounds
This small lemur has impressive manual dexterity and better hand-eye coordination than other lemurs. It has an upright, vertical posture when leaping from branch to branch.
Blue-eyed lemur | Size: 16 inches, 4 pounds
A subspecies of the black lemur, the blue-eyed lemur is the only non-human primate with blue eyes.
Did you know?
Lemurs don’t blink. They have clear eyelid called a nictitating membrane that moves over the eyeball to keep it moist. —[email protected]