Muscat: Natural and geological composition of the Sultanate has granted it a varied and unique weather that provide a diversity of crops and agricultural products. The Sultanate is one of the rich countries with different types of plants. Its territory grows a large variety of plants, fruit trees and various crops in summer and winter.
The Sultanate’s summer is characterised by abundant products of fruit crops produced by several governorates, making a number of Omani market the focus of everyone who flocks to buy these products due to its great food value, fame and delicious taste that is not found in other fruits.
Al Jabal Al Akhdar tops the list of the production of fruits. The mountain is 3000 metres high, which added a unique atmosphere of its kind in the Arabian Gulf region. It is characterised by moderate temperatures in summer and cold in winter. Al Jabal Al Akhdar is famous for its deciduous trees, which are called the "sweet trees”. They are known for the diversity and multiplicity of types, including Al Jabal Al Akhdar pomegranates, apples, peaches, plums, apricots, almonds, walnuts, grapes, pears, cherries, figs and olives, as well as the distillation of rose water, along with the fruit of boot trees known as Reptonia muscatencesea that grows in the plains of Al Jabal Al Akhdar.
In some villages and mountains of the wilayats of the Governorate of South Al Batinah, species of fruit trees grow, including the village "Wakan" in Wadi Mistal in the Wilayat of Nakhal, which is known for the production of boot, and apricots. A number of villages in Wadi Bani Kharous in the Wilayat of Al Awabi are characterized by the production of Boot fruits, which is one of the summer seasonal fruit that grows in the highest mountain peaks, as well as the production of custard-apple fruit (Annona), which grows in a number of the north and south wilayats of the Sultanate. It is a very delicious fruit in the summer and has many health benefits.
A number of governorates of the Sultanate grow watermelons, melons, grapes, figs, and guava that is grown in a number of wilayats on the coast of North Al Batinah, as well as the governorates of Al Buraimi, A'Dhahirah and North A'Sharqiyah, including Al Mudhaibi, which is famous for different types of fruits, such as grapes, watermelon and melon.
The coasts of the Governorates of North and South Al Batinah and their inland areas are characterised by the production of many fruit crops that require high temperatures, such as date palms, mango, banana and papayas. The rainy-summer coast during monsoon season in the Governorate of Dhofar is known for the production of coconut, bananas, papayas and pomegranates.
Several governorates of the Sultanate are known by the production of dates that exist in abundance in the Governorates of Muscat, A’Dakhiliyah, A'Dhahirah, Al Buraimi, North and South A'Sharqiyah. These governorates produce different types of dates, which is characterized by its high quality and nutritional value. A number of governorates of the Sultanate are associated with the production of mango and varieties of citrus and other fruits.
To promote agriculture, His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said, gave the instructions to allocate two years, under the name of the Two Years of Agriculture, in honouring of the farms that give the place reverence and respect for the residents of the farms. His Majesty also ordered the planting million of the finest date palm saplings, in addition to the development of seedling technologies and the introduction of strong and resistant seedlings to graft the good varieties, in addition to the existing local varieties.