Prince Charles was the longest-waiting heir apparent, having spent 63 years as the Prince of Wales. That also makes him the oldest heir to become king, at the age of 73. He will now be under intense scrutiny.
"The accession is carefully planned, like the arrangements for the queen's funeral, so initially the transition will be smooth. Thereafter, a lot will depend on public response to Charles' coronation; to how Charles himself behaves, and on how supportive the government is," Robert Hazell, a professor of government and the constitution at the University College London, told DW via email.
Game of thrones
That said, Prince Charles has had plenty of time to get used to a life in the spotlight.
Charles graduated from Trinity College at Cambridge in 1970 before embarking on a military career that culminated in commanding the HMS Bronington minesweeper.
He married Diana Spencer, then a woman of 20, in the summer of 1981 amid huge media fanfare and hype. Princess Di, as she would be known, was intensely popular — and scrutinized. Years of gossip and scandal eventually led to their divorce in 1996. Diana famously died in a car crash in 1997.
At the time of the divorce, it was reported that Charles had said to Diana: "Do you seriously expect me to be the first Prince of Wales not to have had a mistress?" — a reference to his longtime love Camilla Parker Bowles, whom he married in 2005.
There was Charles the philanderer; and there is Charles the philanthropist. In addition to the Prince's Trust, he has supported other charitable organizations, backed youth education programs and funded arts initiatives, to name a few endeavors.
As king, Charles is expected to further promote religious diversity and the multicultural nature of modern England. He's also promised to have a multifaith coronation when he takes the throne.
His main passion, however, is the environment and combating climate change. In 2007, he launched the Prince's Rainforests Project, a global initiative with corporate, political and celebrity backing to raise awareness and take action around tropical deforestation.
Partial to politics
For better or worse, Charles lacks his mother's instinct to remain impartial on political or social issues. In the past, he's not held back on his views.
Political neutrality went out of the window in the case of the "black spider" memos, so called due to his spindly handwriting. These memos, finally published in 2015 after the British daily newspaper The Guardian had fought a long legal battle over their release, revealed he had extensively lobbied British government ministers and politicians.
The issues in question ranged from saving endangered fish to ordering military equipment for troops in Iraq, and urging badger culls to combat the spread of tuberculosis among cattle.
As king, Charles will have to curtail such inclinations, said Hazell. "The monarch has to be scrupulously neutral on all political issues, as the queen has been. Charles will have an opportunity in his weekly audience with the prime minister to express his views, exercising his trio of rights according to [Walter] Bagehot, [author of the English Constitution]: to be consulted, to encourage and to warn."
Anything beyond that, said Hazell, and "I would expect the government to remind him of the duties of a constitutional monarch."