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The torch uses an advanced ignition system. Once activated, it increases its height from 63.5 to 69cm and emits gas to keep the flames burning.

The torch is the most emblematic element of the Olympic Games where the flame, through the torch, is passed from hand to hand, country to country. The torch's journey starts from Greece and into the city where the games are being held. Every olympic torch has its own design, colours and materials. The first few torches had a classic style until Mexico 1968 which, from then on has an evolving design with the most modern and impressive concepts. Without losing the creativity of its creators, the torch design must also possess an engineering prowess. The torch must showcase the host country's technological capabilities as it withstands the toughest weather to keep the flames burning.


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The torch relay is an integral part of the modern Olympic Games. The numerous festivities that is organised along the relay route announce the coming of the Games and allow the general public to share the Olympic spirit. The first Olympic torch relay was held in the Berlin 1936 Summer Games. To maintain the link with the ancient tradition, the flame is lit in Olympia (Greece) using the ancient method — a parabolic mirror which concentrates the sun’s rays.

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Art Direction & Editing: Adonis Durado, Antonio Farach / Design & Research: Jorge Cortes / 3D Graphics: Muthita Torteeka Cross-media Integration: Jerrard Cedro, Erik Tuban







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Source:  The Olympic Studies Centre   |   O Estado de Sao Paulo Newspaper