Dhofar, located at the southern part of Oman, prides itself as the home of the world’s best quality frankincense resin known as the Royal Hojari. This is due to the fact that Dhofar’s perfectly situated geographic location produces quite unique weather. The primary factor that determines the quality of resin is the location of the frankincense trees. The coastal areas in Dhofar receive too much rain in the months of July and August which affect the quality of resin, as well as the increasing humidity and impurities.
The blessed Dhofar region
In this perspective the scale is a bit skewed due to the roundness of the Earth’s surface.
Source and quality
Fresh frankincense produced by the trees far from coastal areas look greenish but turn yellowish when they get older. Resin produced by the trees near the coastal area are light brown when fresh and darker brown when older.
Dhofar cross section
This zone receives occasional rains so the resins obtained from the trees are not damaged by the rains but such dryness would almost kill the trees as their roots couldn’t receive the needed nutrients.
The famous Hojari frankincense is produced in a zone which goes 25 kms inland from Jabal Samhan ridge.
Single-stemmed tree up to 6m tall in areas with good water supply
The older the frankincense, the darker its colour
With impurities but still good
Too much impurities in frankincense resins are due to rain.
From this point and the density of Boswellia sacra starts to decrease towards the inland
Winds and rain
Size and shape of the tree
Plateau & Desert
Multi-stemmed trees and shorter than the ones in the coastal plain
Desert. Trees under extremely dry condition: Up to 1 metre
The ridge of Dhofari mountain chain divides Dhofar into two main domains: the coastal plain which annually receives monsoon rains (or khareef), and the plateau, a drier tract which produces the best frankincense.
Look the Cross section over the map
Production areas and quality
Different kinds of Frankincense
Plant species have certain range and characteristic. They are greatly dependent on the climate, the availability of water, quality of sunlight, temperature and soil. Thus, the Boswellia sacra in Oman may vary in many ways.
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